- skip - Brewer’s

Advowʹson

means the right of appointing the incumbent of a church or ecclesiastical benefice. In mediæval times the “advocacy” or patronage of bishoprics and abbeys was frequently in the hands of powerful nobles, who often claimed the right to appoint in the event of a vacancy; hence the word (from Latin, adcocatio, the office of a patron).

A presentative advowson is when the patron presents to the bishop a person to whom he is willing to give the place of preferment.

A collaʹtive advowson is when the bishop himself is patron, and collates his client without any intermediate person.

A donʹative advowson is where the Crown gives a living to a clergyman without presentation, institution, or induction. This is done when a church or chapel has been founded by the Crown, and is not subject to the ordinary.

Advowson in gross is an advowson separated from the manor, and belonging wholly to the owner. While attached to the manor it is an advowson appendant. “Gross” (French) means absolute, entire; thus gross weight is the entire weight without deductions. A villain in gross was a villain the entire property of his master, and not attached to the land. A common in gross is one which is entirely your own, and which belongs to the manor.

Sale of Advowsons. When lords of manors built churches upon their own demesnes, and endowed them, they became private property, which the lord might give away or even sell, under certain limitations. These livings are called Advowsons appenʹdant, being appended to the manor. After a time they became regular “commercial property,” and we still see the sale of some of them in the public journals.

previous entry · index · next entry

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

previous entry · index · next entry

Adriel
Adrift
Adroit
Adsidelta
Adullamites
Advauncer
Advent
Adversary (The)
Advocate (An)
Advocates Library
Advowson
Adytum
Ædiles
Ægeus
Æginetan Sculptures
Ægir
Ægis
Ægrotat
A E I (A—i)
Ælurus
Æmilian Law

Linking here:

Gross