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City of the Violet Crown

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Athens is so called by Aristophanēs (ιoστεφανoζ—see Equites, 1323 and 1329; and Acharnians, 637). Macaulay refers to Athens as the “violet-crowned city.” Ion (a violet) was a representative king of Athens, whose four sons gave names to the four Athenian classes; and Greece, in Asia Minor, was called Ionia. Athens was the city of “Ion crowned its king” or “of the Violet crowned.” Similarly Paris is the “city of lilies”—i.e. fleursde-luce or Louis-flowers.

⁂ I do not think that Athens was called ιoστεφανoζ from “the purple hue which Hymettus assumed in the evening sky.”

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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City of Destruction (The)
City of God (The)
City of Lanterns (The)
City of Palaces (The)
City of Refuge (The)
City of St. Michael (The)
City of Saints
City of the Great King (The)—i.e
City of the Seven Hills (The)
City of the Sun (The)
City of the Violet Crown
Civic Crown
Civil List
Civil Magistrate (A)
Civil Service Estimates (The)
Civil War
Civis Romanus Sum
Civitas Solis
Clabber Napper’s Hole
Clack Dish
Claft

See Also:

City of the Violet Crown