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Mamelukes (2 syl.) or Mamalukes (Arabic, mamluc, a slave)

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A name given in Egypt to the slaves of the beys brought from the Caucasus, and formed into a standing army. In 1254 these military “slaves” raised one of their body to the supreme power, and Noureddin Ali, the founder of the Baharites, gave twenty-three sultans; in 1832 the dynasty of the Borjites, also Mamlucs, succeeded, and was followed by twenty-one successors. Selim I., Sultan of Turkey, overthrew the Mamluc kingdom in 1517, but allowed the twenty-four beys to be elected from their body. In 1811, Mohammed Ali by a wholesale massacre annihilated the Mamelukes, and became viceroy of Egypt.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Maltese Cross
Malthusian (A)
Malthusian Doctrine
Malum
Malum in Se (Latin)
Malum Prohibitum (Latin)
Malvolio
Mamamouchi
Mambrino’s Helmet
Mamelon
Mamelukes
Mamma, Mother
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Mammon
Mammon of Unrighteousness (The)
Mammon’s Cave
Mammoth Cave (The)
Man (Isle of)
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Man Friday (A)
Man-jack

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Mamelukes