Emser, Jerome

, an opponent of Luther in the sixteenth century, was a native of the circle of Suabia, a licentiate of the canon law, professor at Leipsic, and secretary and counsellor to George duke of E., between Bavaria (S.) and Prussia (N.), the mountainous frontier of Bohemia; a little less…">Saxony. When Luther’s translation of the Bible appeared, it was very generally read in S. to the German Ocean and Baltic Sea on the…">Germany, and contributed much to advance the reformation. An antidote was therefore necessary, and Emser was fixed upon as the best qualified to furnish it. This he first attempted by publishing some notes on Luther’s New Testament, and afterwards, encouraged by the duke and two popish bishops, produced what Le called “A correct translation” of the New Testament into German, which was in fact little more than a transcript of Luther’s labours, with some alterations in favour of the peculiar tenets of the Romish church; yet the duke George had such an opinion of this formidable translation, and of the mischief it would do to the reformed, that as soon as it was ready to appear (1527), he issued a proclamation in which he treated Luther and his disciples with the most virulent language. Emser also entered into controversy | with Luther, on the mass and other subjects which then formed the basis of the disputes between the popish adherents and the reformed. He died suddenly Nov. 8, 1527, and his works soon after him, which, indeed, had never been held in high repute, nor did Luther ever condescend to answer him. 1

1

Moreri.—Jortin’s Erasmus.—Milner’s Ch. Hist. vol. IV. p. 657.