# ANTECEDENT

, *of a ratio,* denotes the first of
the two terms of the ratio, or that term which is compared
with the other. Thus, if the ratio be 2 to 3.
or *a* to *b;* then 2 or *a* is the antecedent.

ANTECEDENTAL *Method,* is a branch of general
geometrical proportion, or universal comparison,
and is derived from an examination of the Antecedents
of ratios, having given consequents, and a given standard
of comparison, in the various degrees of augmentation
and diminution, which they undergo by composition
and decomposition. This is a method invented
by Mr. James Glenie, and published by him in 1793;
a method which he says he always used instead of the
fluxional and differential methods, and which is totally
unconnected with the ideas of motion and time.
See the author's treatise above-mentioned, and also his
Doctrine of Universal Comparison, or General Proportion,
1789, upon which it is founded.