, of Cnidus, a city of Caria in Asia Minor, slourished about 370 years before Christ. He learned geometry from Archytas, and afterwards travelled into Egypt to learn astronomy and other sciences. There he and Plato studied together, as Laertius informs us, for the space of 13 years; and afterwards came to Athens, fraught with all sorts of knowledge, which they had imbibed from the mouths of the priests. Here Eudoxus opened a school; which he supported with so much glory and renown, that even Plato, though his friend, is said to have envied him. Eudoxus composed Elements of Geometry, from whence Euclid liberally borrowed, as mentioned by Proclus. Cicero calls Eudoxus the greatest astronomer that had ever lived: and Petronius says, he spent the latter part of his life upon the top of a very high mountain, that he might contemplate the stars and the heavens with more convenience and less interruption: and we learn from Strabo, that there were some remains of his observatory at Cnidus, to be seen even in his time. He died in the 53d year of his age.

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Entry taken from A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary, by Charles Hutton, 1796.

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EULER (Leonard)