, relating to Mathematics.

Mathematical Sect, is one of the two leading philosophical sects, which arose about the beginning of the 17th century; the other being the Metaphysical sect. The former directed its researches by the principles of Gassendi, and sought after truth by observation and experience. The disciples of this sect denied the possibility of erecting on the basis of metaphysical and abstract truths, a regular and solid system of philosophy, without the aid of assiduous observation and repeated experiments, which are the most natural and effectual means of philosophical progress and improvement. The advancement and reputation of this sect, and of natural knowledge in general, were much owing to the plan of philosophizing proposed by lord Bacon, to the establishment of the Royal Society in| London, to the genius and industry of Mr. Boyle, and to the unparalleled researches and discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton. Barrow, Wallis, Locke, and many other great luminaries in learning, adorned this sect.

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Entry taken from A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary, by Charles Hutton, 1796.

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