, in Geometry, is a right-angled parallelogram, or a right-angled quadrilateral figure.

If from any point O, lines be drawn to all the four angles of a Rectangle; then the sum of the squares of the lines drawn to the opposite corners will be equal, in whatever part of the plane the point O is situated; viz, . For other properties of the Rectangle, see Parallelogram; for the Rectangle being a species of the parallelogram, whatever properties belong to the latter, must equally hold in the former.

For the Area of a Rectangle. Multiply the length by the breadth or height.—Otherwise; Multiply the product of the two diagonals by half the sine of their angle at the intersection.

That is, AB X AC, or AD X BC X 1/2 sin. [angle]P = area. A Rectangle, as of two lines AB and AC, is thus denoted, AB X AC, or AB . AC; or else thus expressed, the Rectangle of, or under, AB and AC.


, in Arithmetic, is the same with product or factum. So the Rectangle of 3 and 4, is 3 X 4 or 12; and of a and b is a X b or ab.

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Entry taken from A Mathematical and Philosophical Dictionary, by Charles Hutton, 1796.

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RECORDE (Robert)