Archimedes of Syracuse (287212 B.C.)

Archimedes of Syracuse (Archime`des of Syracuse) , the greatest mathematician of antiquity, a man of superlative inventive power, well skilled in all the mechanical arts and sciences of the day. When Syracuse was taken by the Romans, he was unconscious of the fact, and slain, while busy on some problem, by a Roman soldier, notwithstanding the order of the Roman general that his life should be spared. He is credited with the boast: “Give me a fulcrum, and I will move the world.” He discovered how to determine the specific weight of bodies while he was taking a bath, and was so excited over the discovery that, it is said, he darted off stark naked on the instant through the streets, shouting “Eureka! Eureka! I have found it! I have found it!” (287212 B.C.).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Archima`go * Archimed`es screw
Archæology
Archangel
Archangels
Archela`us
Archer, James
Archer, Wm.
Ar`ches, Court of
Ar`chil
Archil`ochus
Archima`go
Archime`des of Syracuse
Archimed`es screw
Archipel`ago
Architrave
Ar`chon
Archy`tas of Tarentum
Arcis`-sur-Aube
Ar`cot
Arctic Ocean
Arctu`rus
Ardèche