Dalton, John (17661844)

Dalton, John, chemist and physicist, born near Cockermouth, of a Quaker family; took early an interest in meteorology, and kept through life a record of meteorological observations; taught mathematics and physics in Manchester; made his first appearance as an author in 1793 in a volume of his observations and essays, and in 1808 published “A New System of Chemical Philosophy,” which he finished in 1810; famous for his experiments on the elastic force of steam, for his researches on the proportional weights of simple bodies, for his discovery of the atomic theory, as also for his investigations on colour-blindness by experimenting on himself and his brother, who along with himself was colour-blind (17661844).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Dalrymple, Alexander * Daltonism
D'Albret, Jeanne
D'Alembert
Dalgarno, Lord
Dalgetty, Dugald
Dalhousie, James Andrew Broun-Ramsay, Marquis of
Dalkeith
Dallas, George Mifflin
Dalmatia
Dalri`ads
Dalrymple, Alexander
Dalton, John
Daltonism
Dalziel, Thomas
Daman
Dam`araland
Damas, Colonel Comte de
Damascus
Damasus, St.
Dame aux Camélias, La
Damien, Father
Damiens, Robert François