Defoe, Daniel (16611731)

Defoe, Daniel, author of “Robinson Crusoe,” born in London; bred for the Dissenting ministry; turned to business, but took chiefly to politics; was a zealous supporter of William III.; his ironical treatise, “The Shortest Way with Dissenters” (1703), which, treated seriously, was burned by order of the House of Commons, led to his imprisonment and exposed him for three days to the pillory, amidst the cheers, however, not the jeers, of the mob; in prison wrote a “Hymn to the Pillory,” and started his Review; on his release he was employed on political missions, and wrote a “History of the Union,” which he contributed to promote. The closing years of his life were occupied mainly with literary work, and it was then, in 1719, he produced his world-famous “Robinson Crusoe”; has been described as “master of the art of forging a story and imposing it on the world for truth.” “His circumstantial invention,” as Stopford Brooke remarks, “combined with a style which exactly fits it by its simplicity, is the root of the charm of his great story” (16611731).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Deffand, Marie, Marquise du * Dege`rando, Baron
December
Dec`emvirs
Decius
Decius Mus
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Decretals, The
Dee, John
Defauconpret
Defender of the Faith
Deffand, Marie, Marquise du
Defoe, Daniel
Dege`rando, Baron
Deianeira
Deiphobus
Deir-al-Kamar
Deism
Deists
Déjazet, Virginie
Dekker, Thomas
De la Beche, Sir Henry Thomas
Delacroix, Eugène