George III. (17381820)

George III., king of Great Britain from 1760 to 1820, and king of Hanover (Elector from 1760 to 1815), eldest son of Frederick Lewis, Prince of Wales, and grandson of preceding, born in London; in 1761 he married Princess Charlotte Sophia of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, by whom he had fifteen children; more English in sentiment and education than his two predecessors, George's main interest was centred in his English kingdom, and never during his long life did he once set foot in his Hanoverian possessions; the purity of his domestic life, his devotion to England, and the pathos attaching to his frequent fits of insanity, won him the affections of his people, an affection, however, sorely tried by his obstinate blundering; the 60 years of his reign present a succession of domestic episodes, far-reaching in their consequences to England and to the civilised world; the conclusion of the Seven Years' War left England predominant in North America, and with increased colonial possessions in the West Indies, &c., but under the ill-guided and obstinate policy of Lord North she suffered the loss of her American colonies, an event which also involved her in war with France and Spain; in 1787 the famous trial of Warren Hastings (q.v.) began, and two years later came the French Revolution; the great struggle with Napoleon followed, and gave occasion for the brilliant achievements of Nelson and Wellington; during these long years of war the commercial prosperity of England never slackened, but through the inventions of Hargreaves, Arkwright, and Compton increased by leaps and bounds; freedom of the press was won by Wilkes; and in 1802 the union with Ireland took place; the majestic figure of Pitt stands out amidst a company of brilliant politicians that included Burke and Fox and Sheridan; literature is represented by a line of brilliant writers that stretches from Johnson to Keats, and includes the names of Burns, Cowper, Shelley, and Byron (17381820).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

George II. * George IV.
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Gentle Shepherd
Gentle Shepherd
Gentz, Friedrich von
Geoffrey of Monmouth
Geoffrey Saint-Hilaire, Étienne
Geoffrin, Marie Thérèse
George I.
George II.
George III.
George IV.
George I.
George, Henry
George, St.
Geraint, Sir
Gérard, Étienne Maurice, Comte
Gérard, François Pascal Simon, Baron


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Allegri, Gregorio
Brett, Sir Piercy, Knt
Burrow, Sir James
Cornwallis, Charles, First Marquis
Eugene, Francis
Franck De Franckenau, George
Macfarlane, Robert
Petty, William [1737–1771]
Pringle, Sir John
Ruffhead, Owen
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