Greenland

Greenland, an extensive but imperfectly defined territory lying mostly within the Arctic circle to the NE. of North America, from which it is separated by Davis Strait and Baffin Bay; the area is variously estimated from 512,000 to 320,000 sq. m.; the land lies submerged beneath a vast plain of ice, pierced here and there by mountain tops, but it is conjectured to consist of one large island-continent engirt by groups of smaller islands; only on the S. coast, during the meagre summer, is there any appearance of vegetation; there is a great variety of birds, and the animals include the wolf, fox, bear, reindeer, musk ox, and Arctic hare, while whales, seals, and many kinds of fish are found; the inhabitants are chiefly Esquimaux, but there are some Danish settlements, begun in 1721, and the trade is a Danish monopoly; the country was known in early times to the Scandinavians (of whose settlements there are interesting remains), and was rediscovered by John Davis in 1585.

Population (circa 1900) given as 11,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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Davis, John
Egede, Hans
Frobisher, Sir Martin
Gambold, John
Grotius, Hugo
Hakluyt, Richard
Hudson, Captain Henky
James, Richard
Maclaurin, Coun
Peyrera, Isaac La
Thompson, Edward
Walker, Obadiah