Hale, Sir Matthew (16091676)

Hale, Sir Matthew, Lord Chief-Justice of England, born at Alderley, Gloucestershire: in 1629 he entered Lincoln's Inn after some years of roving and dissipation, and eight years later was called to the bar; as he held aloof from the strife between king and commons, his service as advocate were in requisition by both parties, and in 1653 he was raised to the bench by Cromwell; on the death of the Protector he declined to receive his commission anew from Richard Cromwell, and favoured the return of Charles; after the Restoration he was made Chief Baron of the Exchequer and knighted; in 1671 he was created Lord Chief-Justice; charges of “trimming” have been made against him, but his integrity as a lawyer has never been impugned (16091676).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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