More, Sir Thomas (14781535)

More, Sir Thomas, Chancellor of England, born in London; was the lifelong friend of Erasmus, and the author of “Utopia,” an imaginary commonwealth; succeeded Wolsey as Chancellor, but resigned the seals of office because he could not sanction the king's action in the matter of the divorce, and was committed to the Tower for refusing to take the oath of supremacy, whence after 12 months he was brought to trial and sentenced to be beheaded; he ascended the scaffold, and laid his head on the block in the spirit of a philosopher; was one of the wisest and best of men (14781535).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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