Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, a province of Canada, lies E. of New Brunswick, facing the Atlantic, which, with its extensions, Bay of Fundy and Gulf of St. Lawrence, all but surrounds it; consists of a peninsula (joined to New Brunswick by Chignecto Isthmus) and the island of Cape Breton, separated by the Gut of Canso; area equals two-thirds of Scotland, short rivers and lakes abound; all kinds of cereals (except wheat and root-crops) are grown in abundance, and much attention is given to the valuable crops of apples, pears, plums, and other fruits; gold, coal, iron, &c., are wrought extensively, manufactures are increasing; the fisheries (mackerel, cod, herring, salmon, &c.), and timber forests are the chief sources of wealth; the province is well opened up by railways, education is free, government is in the hands of a lieutenant-governor, an executive council (9), and a legislative assembly (38); Halifax (q.v.) is the capital; climate varies in temperature from 20° below zero to 98° in the shade, fogs prevail in the coast-land; was discovered in 1497 by Cabot, formed a portion of French Acadie, and finally became British in 1713.

Population (circa 1900) given as 450,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Noumena * Nova Zembla
Norway
Norwich
Norwood
Nostradamus
Notables, The
Notary Public
Notre Dame
Nottingham
Nottinghamshire
Noumena
Nova Scotia
Nova Zembla
Novalis
Novatian
November
Novgorod
Nox
Noyades
Nubia
Numa Pompilius
Numantia

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Alexander, William
Carleton, Sir Guy
Coram, Capt. Thomas
Craig, Sir James Henry
Crowne, John
Cumberland, Richard [1732–1811]
Monckton, Hon. Robert
Norgate, Edward
Williams, Charles Hanbury