Orkney Islands

Orkney Islands, an archipelago of 90 islands, Pomona the largest, lying north of the Scottish mainland, from which they are separated by the Pentland Firth, 7 m. broad. The scenery is tame, the climate is mild and moist; there are no trees, crops are poor; the chief industries are fishing and stock-raising; Kirkwall, with a cathedral, and Stromness are the chief towns. Seized from the Picts by Norse vikings, they passed to James III. as security for the dowry of Margaret of Denmark and were never redeemed. The natives show their Scandinavian ancestry in their features, and the nomenclature is largely Scandinavian.

Population (circa 1900) given as 30,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Orissa * Orlando
Orfila, M. J. Bonaventure
Organism
Organon
Orgies
Oriflamme
Origen
Original Sin
Orinoco River
Orion
Orissa
Orkney Islands
Orlando
Orleans
Orleans, Dukes of
Orloff
Orme, Robert
Ormolu
Ormonde, James Butler, Duke of
Ormuz
Ormuzd
Orontes

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Links here from Chalmers

Barry, George
Frobisher, Sir Martin