Panama Canal

Panama Canal Geographers were familiar with the idea of connecting the two oceans by a canal through Central America as early as the beginning of the 16th century, and Dutch plans are said to exist dating from the 17th century. The first practical steps were taken by Ferdinand de Lesseps in 1879; two years later work was begun; the cost was estimated at £24,000,000, but on January 1, 1889, the company was forced into liquidation after spending over £70,000,000, and accomplishing but a fifth of the work. Extravagance and incapacity were alleged among the causes of failure; but the apparently insurmountable difficulties were marshes, quicksands, and the overflow of the Chagres River, the prevalence of earthquakes, the length of the rainy season, the cost of labour and living, and the extreme unhealthiness of the climate.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Panama * Panathenæa
Palmistry
Palmy`ra
Palo Alto
Paludan-Müller, Frederick
Pamela
Pamirs, The
Pampas
Pampeluna
Pan
Panama
Panama Canal
Panathenæa
Panchatantra
Pancras, St.
Pandects
Pandora
Pandours
Pandulf, Cardinal
Pange Lingua
Pánini
Panipat