Realism

Realism, as opposed to Nominalism, is the belief that general terms denote real things and are not mere names or answerable to the mere conception of them, and as opposed to idealism, is in philosophy the belief that we have an immediate cognition of things external to us, and that they are as they seem. In art and literature it is the tendency to conceive and represent things as they are, however unsightly and immoral they may be, without any respect to the beautiful, the true, or the good. In Ruskin's teaching mere realism is not art; according to him art is concerned with the rendering and portrayal of ideals.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Real Presence * Realm, Estates of the
Raymond
Raynal, the Abbé
Raynouard, François
Ré, Isle of
Reade, Charles
Reading
Reading
Real
Real
Real Presence
Realism
Realm, Estates of the
Real-schule
Reason
Reason
Reason, Goddess of
Réaumur
Rebecca the Jewess
Rebeccaites
Rebellion
Récamir, Madame