Roumania

Roumania, a kingdom of SE. Europe, wedged in between Russia (N.) and Bulgaria (S.), with an eastern shore on the Black Sea; the Carpathians on the W. divide it from Austro-Hungary; comprises the old principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, which, long subject to Turkey, united under one ruler in 1859, and received their independence in 1878, in which year the province of Dobrudja was ceded by Russia; in 1881 the combined provinces were recognised as a kingdom; forms a fertile and well-watered plain sloping N. to S., which grows immense quantities of grain, the chief export; salt-mining and petroleum-making are also important industries; the bulk of the people belong to the Greek Church; peasant proprietorship on a large scale is a feature of the national life; government is vested in a hereditary limited monarch, a council of ministers, a senate, and a chamber of deputies; Bucharest (q.v.) is the capital, and Galatz (q.v.) the chief port.

Population (circa 1900) given as 5,800,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Roulette * Roumelia
Rotti
Roubaix
Roubilliac, Louis François
Rouble
Rouen
Rouget de Lisle
Rouge-et-Noir
Rouher, Eugène
Roulers
Roulette
Roumania
Roumelia
Round Table, The
Round Towers
Roundheads
Rous, Francis
Rousseau, Jean Baptiste
Rousseau, Jean Jacques
Rousseau, Pierre Étienne Théodore
Roveredo
Row, John