Uruguay

Uruguay, the smallest State in South America and a republic, formerly called Banda Oriental; lies between the Atlantic and the Uruguay River, and is bounded on the S. by the estuary of the Plata; it covers an area of over 70,000 sq. m., and is little more than one-third the size of France; the mineral wealth is abundant, but little has been done to exploit it; the cultivation of the soil is only begun, and the land is mostly given over to pasture, cattle-rearing and sheep-farming being the chief industries, and the chief products and exports being hides, wool, preserved meats, and similar articles of commerce. The people are mostly natives of mixed race, with some 30 per cent. of Europeans; primary education is compulsory; there are numerous schools, and a university, and though the established religion is Roman Catholic, all others are tolerated. Montevideo is the capital.

Population (circa 1900) given as 730,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Ursulines * Urumiya
Uranus
Urban
Urbino
Uri
Urim and Thummim
Urquhart, Sir Thomas
Ursa Major
Ursa Minor
Ursula, St.
Ursulines
Uruguay
Urumiya
Usedom
Ushant
Usher, James
Utah
Utakamand
Utgard
Utica
Utica
Utilitarianism