little in the last years of his life with a defluxion in his breast, which produced what is commonly called the old man’s cough.
The subject of this article was remarkably sober and temperate. Neither hard labour, nor company, nor the usual afflictions of human life, nor the wastes of nature, ever led him to an improper or excessive use of strong drink. For the last twenty-five years of his life he drank twice every day a draught of toddy, made with two tablespoons-full of spirit, in half a pint of water. His son, a man of fifty-nine years of age, said he had never seen him intoxicated. The time and manner in which he used spirituous liquors, perhaps, contributed to lighten the weight of his years, and probably to prolong his life. He enjoyed an uncommon share of health, insomuch that in the course of his long life he was never confined more than three days to his bed. He often declared that he had no idea of that most distressing- pain called the head-ach. His sleep was interrupted a little in the last years of his life with a defluxion in his breast, which produced what is commonly called the old man’s cough.
laces the sun in the centre, and makes all the planets revolve about him; from him it is to this day called the old or Pythagorean system; and is the same as that revived
In astronomy his inventions were many and great. It is
reported he discovered, or maintained the true system of
the world, which places the sun in the centre, and makes
all the planets revolve about him; from him it is to this
day called the old or Pythagorean system; and is the same
as that revived by Copernicus. He first discovered that
Lucifer and Hesperus were but one and the same, being
the planet Venus, though formerly thought to be two different stars. The invention of the obliquity of the zodiac
is likewise ascribed tt> him. He first gave to the world the
name Kocr/xoj, Kosmos, from the order and beauty of all
things comprehended in it asserting that it was made according to musical proportion for as he held that the sun,
by him and his followers termed the fiery globe of unity,
was seated in the midst of the universe, and planets
moving around him, so he held that the seven planets had
an harmonious motion, and their distances from the sun
corresponded to the musical intervals or divisions of the
monochord. We may also add, that among the works that
are cited of him, there are not only books of physic, and
books of morality, like that contained in what are called his
Golden VersesJ” but treatises of politics and theology.
Ah these works are lost but the vastness of his mind, and
the greatness of his talents, appear from the wonderful
things he performed. He delivered, as antiquity relates,
several cities of Italy and of Sicily from the yoke of slavery
he appeased seditions in others and he softened the manners, and brought to temper the most savage and unruly
humours, of several people and several tyrants. Phalaris,
the tyrant of Sicily, is said to have been the only one who
could withstand the remonstrances of Pythagoras and he,
it seems, was so enraged at his lectures, that he ordered
him to he put to death. But though the reasonings ol the
philosopher could make no impression on the tyrant, yet
they were sufficient to revive the spirit of the Agrigentines,
and Phalaris was killed the very same day that he had fixed
for the death of Pythagoras.
h zeal against the abuses of popery, as to provoke the other prebendaries, and preachers of what was called the old learning, to exhibit articles against him at the archbishop’s
At Canterbury he preached with so much zeal against the abuses of popery, as to provoke the other prebendaries, and preachers of what was called the old learning, to exhibit articles against him at the archbishop’s visitation in 1541, for preaching contrary to the statute of the six articles. The attempt, however, completely failed. Gardiner, bishop of Winchester, next endeavoured to entrap him; and articles were exhibited against him before the justices of the peace in Kent, and afterwards before the king and council, which charged him with preaching against auricular confession, and with directing the Te Deum to be sung in English; but the accusation being referred to Craumer, by the king, that prelate immediately crushed it, much to the mortification of Dr. Ridley’s enemies.
, called The Old, was born at Steenwyck, in 1550, and was the disciple
, called The Old, was born at Steenwyck, in 1550, and was the disciple of John de Vries, who excelled in painting architecture and perspective. In imitation of the style of his master, Stenwyck chose the same subjects; but surpassed him and all his contemporaries, in the truth, neatness, transparence, and delicacy, of his pictures. His subjects were the insides of superb churches and convents, of Gothic architecture, and generally views of them by night, when they were illuminated by flambeaux, tapers, or a number of candles fixed in magnificent lustres, or sconces. He was a thorough master of the true principles of the chiaroscuro, and distributed his lights and shadows with such judgment, as to produce the most astonishing effects; but as he was not expert at designing figures, those that appear in any of his compositions were inserted by Brueghel, Van Tulden, and other eminent artists. The genuine pictures of this master, who died in 1603, aged fifty -three, are extremely scarce, and very highly prized in ev ry part of Europe.
, Vandenvelde, or Vandevelde (William), called the Old, one of a distinguished family of painters, was born
, Vandenvelde, or Vandevelde (William), called the Old, one of a distinguished family of painters, was born at Leyden in 1610. He was originally bred to the sea, but afterwards studied painting, and retained enough of his former profession to make it the source of his future fame. In marine subjects, he became a most correct and admirable designer, and made an incredible number of drawings on paper, heightened with Indian ink, which he sketched after nature, with uncommon elegance and fidelity.