, was born December 25, 1563, at Urbino, of one of the most ancient
, was born December 25,
1563, at Urbino, of one of the most ancient and noble
families in the city of Ancona, and was sent into France
at the age of fifteen, to be educated suitably to his birth
and the customs of that time. Bonarelli was but nineteen
when he was offered a philosophical professorship of the
Sorbonne, in the college of Calvi; but, his father having
sent for him home, he was satisfied with having merited
that honour, and declined accepting it. He attached himself, for some time, to cardinal Frederick Borromeo (nephew of St. Charles Borromeo) who had a regard for men
of letters, and who founded the famous Ambrosian library
at Milan. He went afterwards to Modena, to which place
his father had removed. After his death, the duke Alphonso, knowing the merit of Bonarelli, employed him in
several important embassies, and the success of these negociations proved how well they had been carried on.
Bonarelli went to Rome with the hope of recovering the
marquisate of Orciano, of which his father had been deprived; but an attack of the gout obliged him to stop at
Fano, where he died January 8, 1608, aged forty-five,
with the character of an able politician, a distinguished
bel esprit, and a good philosopher for the age he lived in.
The pastoral poem for which he is best known is entitled
Filli di Sciro,” and was printed first at Ferrara,
Discorsi in difesa del doppio amore della sua
Celia,” but this was rather ingenious than conclusive. We
have likewise some academical discourses of his.
His son Jacob was born December 25, 1698. By what master he was instructed in
His son Jacob was born December 25, 1698. By what master he was instructed in the art of engraving, we are not informed, but he was probably initiated in the art by his father; and Mr. Strutt supposes that he studied the neatest portraits of Edelink very attentively, especially that of Le Brun, which is usually prefixed to the engravings of Girard Audran, from his battles of Alexander. He worked, however, for some time with little profit, and with less celebrity; and he had arrived at the meridian of life before he engaged in that work by which he is best known; a work, which, notwithstanding some well-founded objections, will reflect honour on the several persons engaged in it. It seems to have been a plan of the accurate and industrious George Vertue, who proposed to give sets or classes of eminent men; but his design was adopted by others, and at length taken out of his hands, who, as lord Or ford observes, was best furnished with materials for such a work.