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Aristotelian causes are these four:

(1) The Efficient Cause. That which immediately produces the effect.

(2) The Material Cause. The matter on which (1) works.

(3) The Formal Cause. The Essence or “Form” (= group of attributes) introduced into the matter by the efficient cause.

(4) The Final or Ultimate Cause. The purpose or end for which the thing exists or the causal change takes place. But God is called the ultimate Final Cause, since, according to Aristotle, all things tend, so far as they can, to realise some Divine attribute.

God is also called The First Cause, or the Cause Causeless, beyond which even imagination cannot go.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Caudle (Mrs.)
Caught Napping (To be)
Cauld-lad (The)
Cauline (Sir)
Caurus or Corus
Causa Causans
Causa Causata
Cause (The)
Cause Celébre
Cauther (Al)
Caution Money
Caut ser
Cavalerie à Pied
Cavalier or Chevalier de St. George
Cavalier Servant