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Charing Cross

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Not from chère reine, in honour of Eleanor, the dear wife of Edward I., but la chère reine (the Blessed Virgin). Hence, in the Close Roll, Richard II, part I (1382), we read that the custody of the falcons at Charryng, near Westminster, was granted to Simon Burley, who was to receive 12d. a day from the Wardrobe.

⁂ A correspondent in Notes and Queries, Dec. 28th, 1889, p. 507, suggests the Anglo-Saxon cérran (to turn), alluding to the bend of the Thames.

Queen Eleanor died at Harby, Nottinghamshire and was buried at Westminster. In every town where the corpse rested the king caused a cross ‘of cunning workmanshipʹ to be erected in remembrance of her. There were fourteen, some say fifteen, altogether. The three which remain are in capitals: Lincoln, Newark, Grantham, Leicester, Stamford, GEDDINGTON, NORTHAMPTON, Stony-Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St. Albans, WALTHAM, West-Cheap (Cheapside). Charing, and (15th Herdly?)”


In front of the South Eastern Railway station (Strand) is a model, in the original dimensions, of the old cross, which was made of Caen stone, and was demolished in 1643.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Chapter and Verse
Chapter of Accidents (A)
Chapter of Possibilities (The)
Character
Character (A)
Charbonnerie Democratique
Charge
Charge (To)
Chargé dAffaires
Charicleia
Charing Cross
Chariot
Chariot of the Gods
Chariots or Cars
Charioteers
Charities
Charity
Charivari
Charlatan
Charlemagne
Charles

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Eleanor Crosses