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Judge’s Black Cap


The judge puts on his black cap (now a three-cornered piece of black silk) when he condemns to death, in sign of mourning. This sign is very ancient. “Haman hasted to his house mourning, having his head covered” (Esther vi. 12). David wept “and had his head covered” (2 Samuel xv. 30). Demosthenēs went home with his head covered when insulted by the populace. Darius covered his head on learning the death of his queen. Malcolm says to Macduff in his deep sorrow, “What, man! neʹer pull your hat upon your brows” (Macbeth, iv. 3). And the ancient English, says Fosbroke, “drew their hoods forward over their heads at funerals.”

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Jubilee (Jewish)
Judas Kiss (A)
Judas Slits or Judas Holes
Judas Tree
Judas-coloured Hair
Jude (St.)
Judge’s Black Cap
Judges Robes
Judica (Latin)
Judicium Crucis
Judicium Dei (Latin)
Jug (A)
Juge de Paix (French)
Jugged Hare
Juggernaut or Jaggernaut