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Precious Stones

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(1) Each month, according to the Poles, is under the influence of a precious stone:—

January

Garnet

Constancy.

February

Amethyst

Sincerity.

March

Bloodstone

Courage.

April

Diamond

Innocence.

May

Emerald

Success in love.

June

Agate

Health and long life.

July

Cornelian

Content.

August

Sardonyx

Conjugal felicity.

September

Chrysolite

Antidote to madness.

October

Opal

Hope.

November

Topaz

Fidelity.

December

Turquoise

Prosperity.

(2) In relation to the signs of the Zodiac:

Aries

Ruby.

Taurus

Topaz.

Gemini

Carbuncle.

Cancer

Emerald.

Leo

Sapphirc.

Virgo

Diamond.

Libra

Jacinth.

Scorpio

Agate.

Sagittarius

Amethyst.

Capricornus

Beryl.

Aquarius

Onyx.

Pisces

Jasper.

(3) In relation to the planets:

Saturn

Turquoise

Lead.

Jupiter

Cornelian

Tim.

Mars

Emerald

Iron.

Sun

Diamond

Gold.

Venus

Amethyst

Copper.

Mercury

Loadstone

Quicksilver.

Moon

Crystal

Silver.

⁂ The ancients divided precious stones into male and female. The darker stones were called the male, and the light ones were called the females. Male sapphires approach indigo in colour, but the female ones are sky-blue. Theophartos mentions the distinctio.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Prayer-book Parade
Praying-wheels
Pre-Adamites
Pre-Raphaelites
Preacher (The)
Prebend
Precarious
Preceptor
Précieuses Ridicules (in Molière’s comedy so called)
Preciosa
Precious Stones
Precocious
Prelate
Preliminary Canter (A)
Premier Pas
Premonstratensian
Prendre un Rat par la Queue
Prepense
Preposterous
Presbyterian
Prescott