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The same as Scythian in etymology; the root of both is Sct. The Greeks had no c, and would change t into th, making the root skth, and by adding a phonetic vowel we get Skuth-ai (Scythians), and Skoth-ai (Scoths). The Welsh disliked s at the beginning of a word, and would change it to ys; they would also changed c or k to g, and th to d; whence the Welsh root would be Ysgd, and Skuth or Skoth would become ysgod. Once more, the Saxons would cut off the Welsh y, and change the g back again to c, and the d to t, converting the Ysgod to Scot.

N.B. Before the third century Scotland was called Caledonia or Alban.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Scio’s Blind Old Bard
Scipio dismissed the Iberian Maid (Paradise Regained, ii.)
Scissors to Grind
Scone (pron. Skoon)
Scornful Dogs will eat dirty Puddings
Scot and Lot
Scots Greys
Scots wha hae
Scotch Breakfast (A)
Scotch Mist
Scotch Pint (A)
Scotch Pound (A)
Scotch Shilling