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Sophist, Sophistry, Sophism, Sophisticator, etc

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These words have quite run from their legitimate meaning. Before the time of Pythagoras (B.C. 586–506) the sages of Greece were called sophists (wise men). Pythagoras out of modesty called himself a philosopher (a wisdom-lover). A century later Protagʹoras of Abdeʹra resumed the title, and a set of quibblers appeared in Athens who professed to answer any question on any subject, and took up the title discarded by the Wise Samian. From this moment sophos and all its family of words were applied to “wisdom falsely so called,” and philo-sophos to the “modest search after truth.”

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Song of Roland
Song of Songs
Sonna or Sunna
Sonnambula (La)
Sonnet
Sop
Soph
Sophi or Safi [mystic]
Sophis
Sophia (St.)
Sophist, Sophistry, Sophism, Sophisticator, etc
Sorbonica
Sorbonne
Sorceress
Sordello
Sorites (Greek)
Sorrows of Werther
Sortēs Biblicæ
Sortes Virgilianæ
Sorts
Sosia