Colombia, a federal republic of nine States, occupying the isthmus of Panama and the NW. corner of S. America, between Venezuela and Ecuador. The country, nearly three times the size of France, though it has only a ninth of the population, comprises in the W. three chains of the Andes and the plateaus between them, in the E. plains well watered by tributaries of the Orinoco. The upper valleys of the Magdalena and Cauca are the centres of population, where the climate is delightful, and grain grows. Every climate is found in Colombia, from the tropical heats of the plains to the Arctic cold of the mountains. Natural productions are as various: the exports include valuable timbers and dye-woods, cinchona bark, coffee, cacao, cotton, and silver ore. Most of the trade is with Britain and the United States. Manufactures are inconsiderable. The mineral wealth is very great, but little wrought. The Panama Railway, from Colon to Panama, connects the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, and is a most important highway of commerce. The people are descendants of Spaniards and Indians; education is meagre, but compulsory; the State Church is Roman Catholic. The capital is Bogotá. Panama and Cartagena the chief ports.

Population (circa 1900) given as 4,000,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Cologne, The Three Kings of * Colombo
Collins, William, R.A.
Collinson, Peter
Collot d'Herbois, Jean Marie
Collyer, Joseph
Colman, George
Colman, George
Cologne, The Three Kings of
Colonna, Victoria
Colonne, Edouard
Colossians, The Epistle to the