Cromwell, Thomas

Cromwell, Thomas, minister of Henry VIII., and malleus monachorum, the “mauler of the monks,” born at Putney; the son of a blacksmith; led a life of adventure for eight or nine years on the Continent; settled in England about the beginning of Henry's reign; came under notice of Wolsey, whose confidant he became, and subordinate agent in suppressing the smaller monasteries; on his master's fall rose into favour with Henry by suggesting he should discard the supremacy of the Pope, and assume the supremacy of the Church himself; attained, in consequence, the highest rank and authority in the State, for the proposal was adopted, with the result that the Crown remains the head of ecclesiastical authority in England to this day; the authority he thus acquired he employed in so high-handed a fashion that he lost the favour of both king and people, till on a sudden he was arrested on charges of treason, was condemned to death, and beheaded on Tower Hill (1485-1540).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Cromwell, Richard * Cronstadt
Crœsus
Croker, John Wilson
Croker, T. Crofton
Croll, James
Croly, George
Cromarty
Crome, John
Crompton, Samuel
Cromwell, Oliver
Cromwell, Richard
Cromwell, Thomas
Cronstadt
Crookes, William
Cross, Mrs.
Cross, Southern
Cross, Victoria
Cross Fell
Crosse, Andrew
Crossraguel
Crotch, William
Crotona