Gounod, Charles François

Gounod, Charles François, an eminent French composer, born at Paris; a prize gained at the Paris Conservatoire followed by a government pension enabled him to continue his studies at Rome, where he gave himself chiefly to the study of religious music; the “Messe Solenelle” was published on his return to Paris; turning his attention to opera he produced “Sappho” in 1851, a popular comic opera “Le Médecin malgré lui” in 1858, and a year later his famous setting of “Faust,” which placed him in the front rank of composers; other operas followed, with various masses, anthems, hymns, &c.; his oratorio “Redemption,” perhaps his masterpiece, appeared in 1882 (1818-1893).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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