Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich (17431819)

Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich, a German philosopher, born at Düsseldorf; bred for business, and after engaging in it for a time threw it up for a revenue appointment; devoted all his by-hours to philosophy and correspondence with eminent men, and was appointed President of the Academy of Sciences at Münich in 1807; he formed no system and he founded no school; his thoughts present themselves in a detached form, and are to be gathered from letters, dialogues, and imaginative works; he contended for the dogma of “immediate cognition as the special organ of the supersensuous,” and failed to see, as Schwegler notes, that said cognition “has already described a series of subjective intermediating movements, and can pretend to immediacy only in entire oblivion of its own nature and origin” (17431819).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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