Louis XI. (14231483)

Louis XI., son of Charles VII., born at Bourges, of a cruel and treacherous nature, took part in two insurrections against his father, by whom he had been pardoned after the first and from whom he had to flee after the second for refuge to Burgundy, where he remained till his father's death in 1461; he signalised the commencement of his reign by severe measures against the great vassals, which provoked a revolt, headed by the Dukes of Burgundy and Bretagne, which he succeeded in subduing more by his crafty policy than force of arms; involved afterwards in a war with Charles the Bold of Burgundy and soliciting an interview, he was discovered by Charles to have been sowing treason among his subjects, taken prisoner, and only released on a solemn protestation of innocence; notwithstanding the sinister and often cruel character of his policy, he did much to develop the resources of the country and advance the cause of good government by the patronage of learning; the crimes he had committed weighed heavily on his mind towards the end of his days, and he died in great fear of death and the judgment (14231483).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Louis IX., Saint Louis * Louis XIII.
Lost Tribes
Lotophagi
Lotus Eaters
Lotze, Rudolf Hermann
Loudon, John Claudius
Louis I., le Débonnaire
Louis VI., le Gros
Louis VII., the Young
Louis VIII., the Lion
Louis IX., Saint Louis
Louis XI.
Louis XIII.
Louis XIV.
Louis XV.
Louis XVI.
Louis XVII.
Louis XVIII.
Louis Napoleon
Louis Philippe
Louis-d'Or
Louisiana