Louis XV. (17101774)

Louis XV., Bien-Aimé (i.e. Well-Beloved), great-grandson of the preceding, and only five at his death, the country during his minority being under the regency of Philip, Duke of Orleans; the regency was rendered disastrous by the failure of the Mississippi Scheme of Law and a war with Spain, caused by the rejection of a Spanish princess for Louis, and by his marriage to Maria Lesczynski, the daughter of Stanislas of Poland; Louis was crowned king in 1722 and declared of age the following year; in 1726 Cardinal Fleury, who had been his tutor, became his minister, and under him occurred the war of the succession to Poland, concluded by the treaty of Vienna, and the war of the Austrian succession, concluded by the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle; with the death of his minister Louis gave way to his licentious propensities, and in all matters of state allowed himself to be swayed by unworthy favourites who pandered to his lusts, the most conspicuous among them being Madame de Pompadour and Dame de Barry, her successor in crime; under them, and the corrupt court they presided over, the country went step by step to ruin, and she was powerless to withstand the military ascendency of England, which deprived her of all her colonies both in the East and in the West; though Choiseul, his last “substantial” minister, tried hard by a family compact of the Bourbons to collect her scattered strength; the situation did not trouble Louis; “it will last all my time,” he said, and he let things go; suffering from a disease contracted by vice, he was seized with confluent smallpox, and died in misery, to the relief of the nation, which could not restrain its joy (17101774).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Louis XIV. * Louis XVI.
Lotze, Rudolf Hermann
Loudon, John Claudius
Louis I., le Débonnaire
Louis VI., le Gros
Louis VII., the Young
Louis VIII., the Lion
Louis IX., Saint Louis
Louis XI.
Louis XIII.
Louis XIV.
Louis XV.
Louis XVI.
Louis XVII.
Louis XVIII.
Louis Napoleon
Louis Philippe