Melanchthon, Philip (14971560)

Melanchthon, Philip, Protestant Reformer, born in the Palatinate of the Rhine; was the scholar of the German Reformation, and a wise friend of Luther's, having come into contact with him at Wittenberg, where he happened to be professor of Greek; he wrote the first Protestant work in dogmatic theology, entitled “Loci Communes,” and drew up the “Augsburg Confession”; the sweetness of temper for which he was distinguished, together with his soberness as a thinker, had a moderating influence on the vehemence of Luther, and contributed much to the progress of the Reformation; he was the Erasmus of that movement, and combined the humanist with the Reformer, as George Buchanan did in Scotland (14971560).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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