Richard I. (11571199)

Richard I., (surnamed Coeur de Lion), king of England from 1189 to 1199, third son and successor of Henry II.; his early years were spent in Poitou and Aquitaine, where he engaged in quarrels with his father; after his accession to the throne he flung himself with characteristic ardour into the Crusade movement; in 1190 joined his forces with Philip Augustus of France in the third crusade; upheld the claims of Tancred in Sicily; captured Cyprus, and won great renown in the Holy Land, particularly by his defeat of Saladin; was captured after shipwreck on the coast on his way home by the Archduke of Austria, and handed over to the Emperor Henry VI. (1193); was ransomed at a heavy price by his subjects, and landed in England in 1194; his later years were spent in his French possessions warring against Philip, and he died of an arrow wound at the siege of Chalus; not more than a year of his life was spent in England, and his reign is barren of constitutional change (11571199).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Rich, Edmund * Richard II.
Rhys, John
Ribbonism
Ribera, Jusepe
Ricardo, David
Ricasoli, Baron
Ricci, Lorenzo
Ricci, Matteo
Riccio, David
Rice, James
Rich, Edmund
Richard I.
Richard II.
Richard III.
Richard of Cirencester
Richards, Alfred Bate
Richardson, Sir Benjamin Ward
Richardson, Charles
Richardson, Sir John, M.D.
Richardson, Samuel
Richelieu, Armand-Jean Duplessis, Cardinal de
Richmond