Sand, George (18041876)

Sand, George, the assumed name of Aurore Dupin, notable French novelist, born in Paris; married Baron Dudevant, a man of means, but with no literary sympathies; became the mother of two children, and after nine years effected a separation from him (1831) and went to Paris to push her way in literature, and involved herself in some unhappy liaisons, notably with Alfred de Musset (q.v.) and Chopin; after 1848 she experienced a sharp revulsion from this Bohemian life, and her last twenty-five years were spent in the quiet “Châtelaine of Nohant” (inherited) in never-ceasing literary activity, and in entertaining the many eminent littérateurs of all countries who visited her; her voluminous works reflect the strange shifts of her life; “Indiana,” “Lélia,” and other novels reveal the tumult and revolt that mark her early years in Paris; “Consuelo,” “Spiridion,” &c., show her engaged with political, philosophical, and religious speculation; “Elle et Lui” and “Lucrezia Floriani” are the outcome of her relations with Musset and Chopin; the calm of her later years is reflected in “La Petite Fadette,” “François le Champi,” and other charming studies of rustic life; her “Histoire de ma Vie” and posthumous letters also deserve notice; her work is characterised by a richly flowing style, an exuberant imagination, and is throughout full of true colour and vivid emotion (18041876).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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