Sparta

Sparta or Lacedemon, the capital of ancient Laconia, in the Peloponnesus, on the right bank of the Eurotas, 20 m. from the sea; was 6 m. in circumference, consisted of several distinct quarters, originally separate villages, never united into a regular town; was never surrounded by walls, its walls being the bravery of its citizens; its mythical founder was Lacedemon, who called the city Sparta from the name of his wife; one of its early kings was Menelaus, the husband of Helen; Lycurgus (q.v.) was its law-giver; its policy was aggressive, and its sway gradually extended over the whole Peloponnesus, to the extinction at the end of the Peloponnesian War of the rival power of Athens, which for a time rose to the ascendency, and its unquestioned supremacy thereafter for 30 years, when all Greece was overborne by the Macedonian power.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Sparks, James * Spartacus
Spa
Spahi
Spain
Spalato
Spalding
Spallanzani, Lazaro
Spandau
Spanheim, Friedrich
Spanish Main
Sparks, James
Sparta
Spartacus
Spasmodic School
Specific Gravity
Spectrum
Spectrum Analysis
Speculative, The
Spedding, James
Speke, John Banning
Spence, Joseph
Spencer, Herbert

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