Councils, Church

Councils, Church, assemblies of bishops to decide questions of doctrine and ecclesiastical discipline. They are oecumenical, national, or provincial, according as the bishops assembled represented the whole Church, a merely national one, or a provincial section of it. Eastern: Nice, 325 (at which Arius was condemned), 787; Constantinople, 381 (at which Apollinaris was condemned), 553, 680, 869; Ephesus, 431 (at which Nestorius was condemned); Chalcedon, 451 (at which Eutyches was condemned). Western: Lateran, 1123, 1139, 1179, 1215, 1274; Synod of Vienne, 1311; Constance, 1414; Basel, 1431-1443; Trent, 1545-1563; Vatican, 1869.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Coulomb * Courayes
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Cotta, Caius
Cottian Alps
Cottin, Sophie
Cottle, Joseph
Cotton, Bishop
Cotton, Charles
Cotton, Sir Robert Bruce
Councils, Church
Courbet, Gustave
Courier, Paul Louis
Court de Gébelin
Courtney, William
Courtois, Jacques
Cousin, Victor