Drummond, William (15851649)

Drummond, William, of Hawthornden, a Scottish poet, named the “Petrarch of Scotland,” born in Hawthornden; studied civil law at Bourges, but poetry had more attractions for him than law, and on the death of his father he returned to his paternal estate, and devoted himself to the study of it and the indulgence of his poetic tastes. “His work was done,” as Stopford Brooke remarks, “in the reign of James I., but is the result of the Elizabethan influence extending to Scotland. Drummond's sonnets and madrigals have some of the grace of Sidney, and he rose at intervals into grave and noble verse, as in his sonnet on John the Baptist.” He was a devoted Royalist; his first poem was “Tears” on the death of James I.'s eldest son Henry, and the fate of Charles I. is said to have cut short his days; the visit of Ben Jonson to him at Hawthornden is well known (15851649).

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

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