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Cap of Liberty

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When a slave was manumitted by the Romans, a small red cloth cap, called pilʹëus, was placed on his head. As soon as this was done, he was termed libertiʹnus (a freedman), and his name was registered in the city tribes. When Saturniʹnus, in 263, possessed himself of the capitol, he hoisted a cap on the top of his spear, to indicate that all slaves who joined his standard should be free. When Maʹrius incited the slaves to take up arms against Sylla, he employed the same symbol; and when Cæsar was murdered, the conspirators marched forth in a body, with a cap elevated on a spear, in token of liberty (See Liberty.)

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Canvas City (A)
Caora
Cap
Cap (the verb)
Cap Verses (To)
Cap and Bells
Cap and Feather Days
Cap and Gown
Cap in Hand
Cap of Fools (The)
Cap of Liberty
Cap of Maintenance
Cap of Time
Cap-acquaintance (A)
Cap-money
Cap-a-pie
Capfull of Wind
Cape
Cape of Storms
Capel Court
Caper

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Liberty