- skip - Brewer’s

Constantine’s Cross

.

In Latin, vincēs in hoc; in English, By this conquer. It is said that Constantine, on his march to Rome, saw a luminous cross in the sky, in the shape and with the motto here given. In the night before the battle of Saxa Rubra a vision appeared to him in his sleep, commanding him to inscribe the cross and the motto on the shields of his soldiers. He obeyed the voice of the vision, and prevailed. The monogram is XP ιστoζ (Christ). (See Gibbon: Decline and Fall, chap. xix. n.)

This may be called a standing miracle in legendary history; for, besides Andrew’s cross, and the Dannebrog or red cross of Denmark (q.v.), we have the cross which appeared to Don Alonzo before the battle of Ourique in 1139, when the Moors were totally routed with incredible slaughter. As Alonzo was drawing up his men, the figure of a cross appeared in the eastern sky, and Christ, suspended on the cross, promised the Christian king a complete victory. This legend is commemorated by the device assumed by Alonzo, in a field argent five escutcheons azure, in the form of a cross, each escutcheon being charged with five bezants, in memory of the five wounds of Christ. (See Labarum.)

previous entry · index · next entry

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ

Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

previous entry · index · next entry

Consenting Stars
Conservative
Consistory (A)
Consolidated Fund (The)
Consols
Consort
Conspirators
Constable
Constable de Bourbon
Constantine Tolman (Cornwall)
Constantine’s Cross
Constituent Assembly
Constituents
Constitution
Constitutions of Clarendon
Construe
Consuelo
Contango
Contemplate
Contempt of Court
Contenement

Linking here:

Andrew (St.)
Labarum