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Excommunicaʹtion

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(1) The greater is exclusion of an individual from the seven sacraments, from every legitimate act, and from all intercourse with the faithful. (2) The lesser excommunication is sequestration from the services of the Church only. The first Napoleon was excommunicated by Pope Pius VII., and the kings of Italy were placed under an anathema by Pius IX. for adding the Papal dominions to the United Kingdom of Italy.

“The person excommunicated: Os, orāre, vale, communio, mensâ, negatur (The person excommunicated is to be boycotted by the faithful in os (conversation), orāre (prayer), communio (communion), mensâ (board).”—Professor T. P. Gury: Romish Moral Theology (3rd ed., 1862).

Excommunication by Bell, Book, and Candle. (See Cursing, etc.)

Excommunication by the ancient Jews. This was of three sorts—(1) Nidʹui (separation), called in the New Testament “casting out of the synagogue” (John ix. 22); (2) Cherem, called by St. Paul “delivering over to Satan” (1 Cor. v. 5); (3) Anathema Maranaʹtha (1 Cor. xvi. 22), delivered over to the Lord, who is at hand, to take vengeance. The Sadducees had an interdict called Tetragramʹmeton, which was cursing the offender by Jehoʹvah, by the Decalogue, by the inferior courts, and with all the curses of the superior courts.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Examination
Examiners (Public)
Excalibur (Ex cal [ce] liber [atus])
Excellency (His)
Excelsior
Exception
Exceptions prove the Rule
Exchequer
Excise
Exclusion
Excommunication
Excruciate
Excuse
Exeat (Latin, he may go out)
Execrate
Exequatur
Exercises
Exeter
Exeter Controversy
Exeter Domesday
Exhibition

See Also:

Excommunication