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Platonism

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The philosophical system of Plato; dialectics. Locke maintains that the mind is by nature a sheet of white paper, the five senses being the doors of knowledge. Plato maintained the opposite theory, drawing a strong line of demarcation between the province of thought and that of sensations in the production of ideas. (See Dialectics.)

It is characterised by the doctrine of pre-existing eternal ideas, and teaches the immortality and pre-existence of the soul, the dependence of virtue upon discipline, and the trust worthiness of cognition.

In theology, he taught that there are two eternal, primary, independent, and incorruptible causes of material things—God the maker, and matter the substance.

In psychology, he maintained the ultimate unity and mutual dependence of all knowledge.

In physics, he said that God is the measure of all things, and that from God, in whom reason and being are one, proceed human reason and those “ideas” or laws which constitute all that can be called real in nature.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Plate (A)
Platen
Plates or Plates of Meat
Platform
Plato
Plato and the Bees
Plato’s Year
Platonic Bodies
Platonic Love
Platonic Puritan (The)
Platonism
Platter with Two Eyes (A)
Play
Play the Deuce
Played Out
Playing to the Gods
Please the Pigs
Pleased as Punch
Pleasure
Plebeians
Plebiscite