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The profligate Duke of Orleans, Regent of France, first used this word in its modern sense. It was his ambition to collect round him companions as worthless as himself, and he used facetiously to boast that there was not one of them who did not deserve to be broken on the wheelthat being the most ordinary punishment for malefactors at the time; hence these profligates went by the name of Orleansʹ roués or wheels. The most notörious roués were the Dukes of Richelieu, Broglie, Biron, and Brancas, together with Canillac and Nocé: in England, the Dukes of Rochester and Buckingham.

A notorious roué. A libertine.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Rossignol (French)
Rota or Rota Men
Rota Aristotelica (Aristotle’s wheel)
Rota Romana
Rothschild [Red Shield]
Rotten Row
Rotundity of the Belt (Washington Irving)
Rouge (A)
Rouge Croix
Rouge Dragon
Rouge et Noir (French, red and black)
Rough Music
Rough and Ready
Rough and Ready

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Row (rhyme with now)