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Sardanapaʹlus

.

King of Nineveh and Assyria, noted for his luxury and voluptuousness. His effeminacy induced Arbaʹces, the Mede, to conspire against him. Myrra, an Ionian slave, and his favourite concubine, roused him from his lethargy, and induced him to appear at the head of his armies. He won three successive battles, but being then defeated, was induced by Myrra to place himself on a funeral pile, which she herself set fire to, and then jumping into the flames, perished with her beloved master. (Died B.C. 817.) (Byron: Sardanapalus.)

A Sardanapalus. Any luxurious, extravagant, self-willed tyrant. (See above.)

Sardanapalus of China. Cheo-tsin, who shut himself and his queen in his palace, and set fire to the building, that he might not fall into the hands of Woowong, who founded the dynasty of Tchow (B.C. 1154–1122). It was Cheotsin who invented the chopsticks.

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Entry taken from Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, edited by the Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D. and revised in 1895.

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Sapphics
Sappho of Toulouse
Saracen Wheat (French, Blé-sar-rasin)
Saracens
Saragoza
Saraswati
Sarcasm
Sarcenet
Sarcenet Chidings
Sarcophagus
Sardanapalus
Sardinian Laugh
Sardonic Smile, Grin, or Laughter
Sardonyx
Sarnia
Sarpedon
Sarsen Stones
Sartor Resartus
Sash Window
Sassanides
Sassenach (ch = k)

See Also:

Sardanapálus