Ceylon

Ceylon, a pear-shaped island about the size of Scotland, separated from India, to which it geographically belongs, and SE. of which it lies, by Palk Strait, 32 m. broad; comprises a lofty, central tableland with numerous peaks, the highest Tallagalla, 8000 ft., and a broad border of well-watered plains. It was an ancient centre of civilisation; the soil is everywhere fertile; the climate is hot, but more equitable than on the mainland; the chief products are tea, cinnamon, and tobacco; the forests yield satin-wood, ebony, &c.; the cocoa-nut palm abounds; there are extensive deposits of iron, anthracite, and plumbago; precious stones, sapphires, rubies, amethysts, &c., are in considerable quantities; the pearl fisheries are a valuable government monopoly. The chief exports are tea, rice, cotton goods, and coals. Two-thirds of the people are Singhalese and Buddhists, there are 6000 Europeans. The island is a crown colony, the largest in the British Empire, administered by a governor with executive and legislative councils; the capital and chief port is Colombo (127).

Population (circa 1900) given as 3,008,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Cévennes * Chabas, François
Cervantes-Saavedra, Miguel de
Cervin, Mont
Cesarewitch
Ce`sari, Giuseppe
Cesarotti
Cestus
Cetinje
Cette
Ce`uta
Cévennes
Ceylon
Chabas, François
Chabot
Chacktaw Indians
Chad, Lake
Chadband, Rev. Mr.
Chadwick, Sir Edwin
Chæronea
Chalais, Count de
Chalaza
Chalcedon

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Links here from Chalmers

Almeida, Lawrence
Hermann, Paul
Hyde, Dr. Thomas
Kaempfer, Engelbert
Knox, Capt Robert
Linnæus, Charles
Romaine, William
Thompson, Edward