Tasmania

Tasmania, an island and colony of Britain, lying fully 100 m. S. of Australia, from which it is separated by Bass Strait; about the size of Scotland; the beauty of its mountain and lake scenery has won it the name of “the Switzerland of the South”; extensive stretches of tableland diversified by lakes—largest Great Lake, 90 m. in circumference—occupy the centre; wide fertile valleys stretch down to the coastal plains, often richly wooded with lofty eucalyptus and various pine trees; rivers are numerous, and include the Derwent and Tamar, which form excellent waterways into the interior; enjoys a genial and temperate climate, more invigorating than that of Australia; sheep-farming and latterly mining (coal in particular), and fruit-growing are the principal industries; gold, silver, and tin are also wrought; the flora, as also the fauna, is practically identical with that of Australia; has a long, irregular coast-line, with many excellent harbours; chief exports are wool, tin, fruit, timber, coal, and gold; was discovered in 1642 by Tasman, a Dutchman, and first settled by Englishmen in 1803; the aborigines are now completely extinct; was till 1852 a penal settlement, and received representative government in 1855; is divided into 18 counties; government is conducted by a legislative council, a house of assembly, and a crown-appointed governor; most of the colonists belong to the Church of England; compulsory education is in vogue; is well supplied with railways and telegraphs; was formerly called Van Diemen's Land after Van Diemen, the Dutch governor-general of Batavia, who despatched Tasman on his voyage of discovery.

Population (circa 1900) given as 146,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Tasman Sea * Tasso, Bernardo
Tarrytown
Tarshish
Tarsus
Tartars
Tartarus
Tartessus
Tartini, Giuseppe
Tartuffe
Tashkand
Tasman Sea
Tasmania
Tasso, Bernardo
Tasso, Torquato
Tatar
Tate, Nahum
Tatius, Achilles
Tattersall's
Tattooing
Tau, Cross of
Tauchnitz, Karl Cristoph Traugott
Tauler, Johann