Tarsus

Tarsus, a city of great antiquity and interest, the ancient capital of Cilicia, now in the province of Adana, in Turkey in Asia, on the Cydnus, 12 m. above its entrance into the Mediterranean; legend ascribes its foundation to Sennacherib in 690 B.C.; in Roman times was a famous centre of wealth and culture, rivalling Athens and Alexandria; associated with the meeting of Antony and Cleopatra and the deaths of the emperors Tacitus and Maximinus; here St. Paul was born and notable Stoic philosophers; in the hands of the Turk has decayed into a squalid residence of merchants busy with the export of corn, cotton, wool, hides, &c. In winter the population rises to 30,000.

Population (circa 1900) given as 8,000.

Definition taken from The Nuttall Encyclopædia, edited by the Reverend James Wood (1907)

Tarshish * Tartars
Tarentum
Targums
Tarifa
Tarnopol
Tarnov
Tarpeian Rock
Tarquinius
Tarragona
Tarrytown
Tarshish
Tarsus
Tartars
Tartarus
Tartessus
Tartini, Giuseppe
Tartuffe
Tashkand
Tasman Sea
Tasmania
Tasso, Bernardo
Tasso, Torquato

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Alexander The Great
Almamon
Athenodorus
Cleopatra
Cyril
Diodorus
Diogenes [No. 3]
Firmilian, St.
Hermogenes
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Theodore